How to build a garden pavilion or gazebo

A pavillion or gazebo can offer a peaceful haven in your garden, but building it properly requires some reflection. Where should the pavillion be located? How do you intend to use your new pavillion or gazebo, and how ambitious are you planning for the building to be? We offer guidance to help you along the way!

When it comes to these cozy outdoor buildings, there are many possibilities and lots of different types of pavillians and gazebos, depending on what you are looking for exactly. Do you want a pleasant place to drink coffee with your family during the warm months of the year? Or would you like to extend the summer season? Would you like to be able to use your pavillion or gazebo as an orangery in the winter? There are certainly plenty of possibilities. Below we list some of the things to consider when building a pavillion or gazebo.

Planning is key

Pavillions are often relatively small, and building regulations will not usually apply as long as your planned pavillion or gazebo is less than 15 square metres. It is also important that your pavillion is not planned to contain sleeping accommodation. You can even build a larger structure of between 15 to 30 square metres as long as it is at least one metre from the boundary of your land, or is built from non-combustible materials. If you are in doubt, contact your Local Planning Authority for assistance.

Make a sketch and choose a model

Now comes the fun part of the planning! Consider what you want to use your pavillion for and what you need. Should it be a simple gazebo with just a roof or canopy? Or do you want windows and a fully enclosed space? One advantage of pavillions is that there is often very good light from all directions, so you do not have to worry about it facing any particular direction.

You may also consider suitable spots to place your pavillion or gazebo. Is there already a stable plot available, or do you need to ensure that the pavillion has a good foundation and anchorage? It may also be a good idea to raise your pavillion off the ground slightly to avoid the onset of rot.

Build from scratch or order ready-made?

Depending on how much you want to do yourself and how ambitious your planned pavilion is, you have the opportunity to influence the time and money that you spend. If you do not wish to do everything yourself, there are many different ready-made kits to choose from, which offer varying degrees of difficulty. Another option is to bring in professional help, but keep in mind that this will most likely cost more.

Time to decorate!

When construction of your pavillion or gazebo is finished, it’s time to create that cozy garden cottage you’ve always dreamed of! For a home-like and pleasant atmosphere, you can use textiles, such as light, thin curtains (if you have chosen to include windows), lots of cushions to sit on and tablecloths or wall hangings. It may also be an idea to decorate your pavillion using plants. For example, you could wind roses along the pillars give a romantic and dreamlike impression, inviting you and your family to spend long hours in the pavillion!

GROUND SCREW PRICE

CALCULATE THE PRICE OF GROUND SCREWS FOR YOUR PROJECT

There are several factors that determine the type and number of ground screws you require. These include the weight of the finished structure, the size and type of joists or supports it uses, and the type of terrain and soil you are building on. Here you can assess your project’s needs, and get an estimate for installing a ground screw foundation. Contact your local installer for a complete quote.

HERE WE ARE

Finding an authorized installer near you

Stop Digging's experienced and certified installers are found throughout the UK. Contact us if you have any questions, want a competitive quote or book an installation.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

01 Why use the ground screw?

Stop Digging’s ground screws provide a secure and stable foundation that saves both time and money. They make construction easier and smoother; no more lugging heavy concrete blocks or laboriously digging holes and shifting piles of soil to make way for the foundations. Ground screws are easy to place and move if a site needs to be adjusted due to an unforeseen discovery or for better support. Ground screws are ready to use after they are installed – no waiting for wet concrete to harden, and they can be installed in all soil types and weather conditions.

A ground screw from Stop Digging should not be confused with the lightweight ground anchors and pile foundations you find at B&Q, Wickes and other hardware stores. By comparison Stop Digging’s robust ground screws are delivered and installed by our experienced and certified installers.

02 When can you use ground screws?

Ground screws can be used to support most types of construction. This includes underpinning decks, pergolas, sheds, children’s playhouses, carports, conservatories, greenhouses, hen houses and much more. We offer several different models and sizes such as the adapter, pipe, pillar and beam screw, all designed to tackle tricky terrain and soils. In addition, ground screws are ideal for flagpoles, signage or solar panels and for inaccessible locations where alternatives are not an option. By selecting from a range of models, you can tackle even the most challenging of terrain with our versatile screws – the question isn’t when you can use a ground screw, but when you can you not?

03 How deep can a ground screw go?

How deep a screw needs to be depends on the terrain and the required load. We offer screws between 580 mm to 2500 mm long, much deeper than conventional concrete foundations. Anchors typically need to be between 400 mm and 650 mm deep to meet UK building regulations, which we can easily surpass if required. Our experienced fitters will choose the right screw for each project and site, providing stable and long lasting foundations for your project.

04 How many ground screws do I need?

How many ground screws you need depends on the size and weight of the particular construction project. For example, when installing decking it is advisable to mount the supporting ground screws at 2 metre intervals when the rim joist is at least 45 × 170 mm in size. For a decking terrace of 4 x 8 meters, for example, that would mean installing 15 ground screws. You can try our price calculation module to estimate the number of screws you will need for your construction!

05 How long does the ground screw need to be?

This depends on the soil type, load bearing required and the nature of the project. We offer four basic models – adapter, pipe, post and beam screw – in a variety of lengths to meet your specific needs. In addition, we can install ground screws with our special attachments that are designed to support installations such as flagpoles or solar panel systems and other unusual projects. All of our screws are robustly designed with northern climates in mind, and meet UK building standards for depth.

06 How do you use ground screws in difficult terrain?

Just as we would pre-drill hard stone for fixing a normal screw, we always drill a pilot hole before installing our ground screw in tricky terrain. This forces smaller stones or gravel aside and our equipment is powerful enough to split medium-sized rocks. If you are building on solid or large enough rocks, our installers can anchor with a drilled steel stud and use ground screws where the ground is more suitable. We offer a complete service with no need to wait for another specialist.

In newly excavated, soft or disturbed soil, our installers are trained to assess the ground and select longer screws if necessary to provide a secure and stable foundation. Our installers are specially trained to select the right screw for your project, install it correctly in whatever terrain they face and finish with the minimum of disruption.

07 When do we install the screw?

We can mount ground screws all year round, even during a cold, hard winter. Our screws were originally developed to cope with the harsher conditions found in Scandinavia, and the UK climate, by comparison, is much gentler! Do you want to know more? Feel free to ask your local installer, who has a specialist knowledge of your area and useful reference materials.

08 How do ground screws handle slopes?

Easily! Our ground screws are ideally suited to work on slopes to anchor, for example, decks or stairs or other structures. Our equipment can install the screws in difficult to reach locations at the required depths. Furthermore, by combining the various ground screw sizes and models produced by Stop Digging, together with our attachments such as plates and L-supports, we can create a tailored solution whatever the terrain or slope your project faces.

09 Do ground screws settle after installation?

Just like concrete supports, a ground screw can be affected by the ground settling over time, but they are not generally affected by other forces such as frost heave. Settlement of soil is especially an issue with freshly excavated or disturbed soil and our installers are trained to identify this and select longer screws to provide a deeper, more secure, fixing as needed.

10 How do you calculate the screw load bearing?

You can employ the same calculations which you use to work out the load bearing of concrete supports. Our ground screws can replace concrete in every way and follow UK building standards. As a result you can safely use standard centre to centre measurements and calculate the span and strength just as for concrete. In the case of larger projects and heavier loads, we recommend that we undertake a tensile test so that our installers can provide you with the correct type of screw.

11 How much load can a ground screw bear?

All of our screw models have been rigorously tested to cope with load, pressure and tension bearing and you can read more about our screws here. Our tests were made in normal arable land which we use to calculate the performance of our screws in different soils and terrain. We can test your ground to provide precise feedback for your project planning.

Our steel ground screws (ISO 630 FE 3604) are specially developed and adapted to northern climates in terms of thickness (4 mm) and surface coating. All of our CE marked ground screws are hot-dip galvanized according to ISO 1461 and manufactured by ISO 9001 certified production facilities. They all come with a 25 year warranty.

12 How much do ground screws cost?

We offer a fixed price per installed ground screw. However, our prices vary depending on which screw you need to use and where in the country you are located. Try out our price calculator to estimate the cost of the ground screws for your project.

Our vision is not only to provide a high quality product, but to deliver and install it to the highest professional standard. A ground screw from Stop Digging should not be confused with the lightweight ground anchors and pile foundations you find at B&Q, Wickes and other hardware stores. By comparison, Stop Digging’s robust ground screws are delivered and installed by our experienced and certified installers. Contact your local installer for a quote.